What are the different types of engineering? | Education

Engineering continues to thrive university majoras the number of engineering graduates has increased. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, nearly 140,000 new engineering jobs are expected to be created between 2016 and 2026.

With so many different species engineering workit can be challenging for prospective students and early-career undergraduates to decide which career path to pursue.

Engineers serve in a variety of roles, from creating, improving, and maintaining massive structures like highways and bridges to designing smaller items like laptops, smartphones, and athletic sneakers. Aeronautical Engineers design and test technologies used in spacecraft, aircraft and satellites biomedical engineers to help create medicine and technology to improve human health.

While faculty members in engineering programs say that aerospace and biomedical engineering majors are increasingly popular, those majors are not as common in the U.S. as some other majors.

Four of the most common engineering majors offered at most American engineering schools are:

  • Civil engineering
  • Electrotechnics
  • Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering

Civil engineering

Civil engineers work on civil infrastructure projects that significantly affect the quality of life in various communities. These projects include highways, bridges, skyscrapers and sewage treatment plants.

Civil engineers often interact with architects, contractors, and government officials to complete projects. People drawn to civil engineering typically want to make a huge impact on society, says Zachary Grasley, head of civil and environmental engineering at the company Texas A&M University.

“We’re creating things that put the public at potential risk,” Grasley says. “If a bridge collapses, people die. If a building collapses, people die.”

Unlike some other engineering fields, most civil engineers are expected to hold professional licenses and continue their education. Having good character and not cutting corners are important qualities for civil engineers.

In addition, civil engineering is a great option for those interested in becoming businessmen, experts say. Several Texas A&M graduates have started consulting or construction firms, Grasley says.

“It’s hard to develop a car company that runs like a mum when there are thousands of engineering firms across the country,” he says.

The median annual salary for civil engineers in the US was $95,890 in 2023, according to the BLS.

Grasley said that while the starting salaries for civil engineering positions are not as high as for computer science majors, civil engineering offers plenty of opportunities for growth and increased compensation starting at the mid-career level.

Electrotechnics

Electrical engineers design and test electrical equipment and systems used in machines, ships, automobile engines, cell phones, and cameras.

Students interested in electrical engineering should consider the type of problems they are interested in solving, says Maria Yang, associate dean of engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Technical school.

“Would you be attracted to developing control strategies that keep the power grid running safely, signal processing algorithms that process audio, coding strategies to send data wirelessly faster and more reliably?” Yang wrote in a text message.

Students who want to work with microelectronics — such as the Fitbit-type sensors that track movement and the Apple Watch’s heart rate sensor — should consider majoring in electrical engineering.

The median annual salary for electrical engineers in the US was $109,010 in 2023, according to the BLS.

Engineering

Mechanical engineers design and build the mechanical aspects of various devices, from seat belts in cars to cooling devices in video game consoles.

“Many of the electrical components in a cell phone are designed by electrical engineers,” says Samuel Graham, dean A. James Clark School of Engineering at the University of Maryland. “But the tools to make that phone are often designed or built by mechanical engineers.”

In addition to designing and building machinery, mechanical engineers are also responsible for testing. If equipment fails, the mechanical engineer is responsible for identifying the source of the problem and helping to resolve it.

Mechanical engineers can work in production and manufacturing at a wide variety of companies, including gasoline companies like Exxon and Shell, aerospace companies like Boeing, and fashion brands like Nike that incorporate technology into products.

The median annual salary for mechanical engineers in the US was $99,510 in 2023, according to the BLS.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineers are key players in the production of items such as medicines, fuels, detergents and paper. In addition to working with pharmaceutical and gasoline companies, chemical engineers work to create consumer products from potato chips to lipstick.

“Chemical engineers generally had a very good high school chemistry experience,” says David Tomasko, associate dean for academic programs and student services at Ohio State University. College of Engineering. “They generally appreciate chemical reactions and the world of molecules.”

The median annual salary for chemical engineers in the US in 2023 was $112,100, according to BLS data.

How to choose an engineer

When choosing an engineering major, Tomasko advises students to think about the field they want to major in and then choose the major that will get them there. For example, NASA hires not only aeronautical engineers but also chemical and mechanical engineers.

If one major is full, Tomasko says, choose another.

“There is no single company that hires only one type of engineer,” he says. “All the different engineering disciplines really work together in teams.”

Consider a graduate engineering degree

Earnings a graduate degree in engineering makes it easier for students to delve into their specific area of ​​interest, Graham says. Unlike undergraduate engineering students, graduate students take several classes each semester and then spend a lot of time doing research.

“I think graduate school is a wonderful way to hone your skills or really deepen your understanding of how to impact society from engineering,” says Graham.

Taking advantage of research opportunities and spending time with graduate students in labs will help undergraduates decide whether graduate school is right for them, Graham adds.

How to choose a law school with great faculty | Admission procedure for law

America’s law schools present themselves as majestic and glorious institutions, but they compete in a weak market for funding, faculty, students and their teaching. Unsustainable schools are closing and new schools OPEN.

This competition led to innovations such as online programsalong with incentives to reduce turns. Sadly, the quality of teaching can be overshadowed by the pursuit of prestige, publicity and market power.

Thus, law school applicants those looking for a first-class educational experience will need to research carefully when deciding which schools to focus on.

Here are five ways to find a law school that values ​​and rewards professors who are good teachers.

  • See how the Socratic method is used.
  • Evaluate practical and experiential education.
  • Look at the pass rate of school bars.
  • Look for clues to school campus culture.
  • Explore professor biographies.

See how the Socratic method is used

In the essential first year in law school, students typically take a standard set of core courses such as criminal law and property law taught by professors using Socrates’ method.

Professors using the Socratic method cold call individual students from a large lecture class and interrogate them on the facts and findings of assigned cases. Like the Greek philosopher Socrates, an experienced professor cleverly pushes the student toward seemingly straightforward statements with thought-provoking questions that reveal nuance and hidden assumptions.

Many lawyers see this shared experience as the basis for learning to “think like a lawyer”. However, in unskilled hands, the technique can be cumbersome, confusing, or ineffective.

According to visiting By meeting or interviewing current students or recent graduates in person, applicants can learn whether law school professors are using the Socratic method effectively to sharpen students’ minds or defeat them.

Evaluate hands-on and experiential learning

Law school is a professional school, and graduates should acquire the essential legal skills they need to serve their future employers and clients, such as legal research and writing.

To achieve this mission, law schools may require small practical legal practice courses along with experiences such as legal clinicsmoot court a external internships.

Make sure these courses are taught by qualified and experienced lawyers. Don’t worry about it ask admissions officers about how their school ensures that graduates are fully prepared for legal practice.

Check out the school bar course

Unless the school trains its students to pass Bar exam, it is unlikely to be a community that values ​​teaching. Each law school must publicly disclose its bar passage rate in its annual disclosures, and applicants can use that information to find worthwhile schools.

On the other hand, being a lawyer is more than passing the bar exam. Talk to current and former students to ensure that professors help students untangle complex legal issues beyond the basics of “black letter law.”

Look for clues to school campus culture

Law schools differ from each other in their teaching style. Some schools encourage mentoring between professors and students. Some schools have a more collaborative or competitive student culture. Some have fixed grading curves, while others don’t even use an AF grading system.

These cultural factors can create a learning environment in which some students thrive while others feel disengaged or even pressured fall out.

When choosing a law schoolthink about how you will fit into the environment and make sure it is one where you feel comfortable and supported.

Explore professor biographies

Law School website they are a goldmine of information for applicants. Browse the course catalog and faculty directory to find professors with the background and expertise to serve as a potential mentor. Reading professors’ biographies and examining their scholarship can reveal clues about how they approach teaching.

For example, adjunct faculty can bring first-hand experience and new perspectives to the classroom. But if you have a specific legal interest, it can be risky to attend a law school that doesn’t have a full-time professor in the field.

While all of this research is important, remember that teaching can be highly subjective. When I was in law school, I heard adamant recommendations that I should take classes taught by certain professors I didn’t associate with, while I found some of the less popular classes fascinating.

While others’ opinions about professors can be valuable, take them with a grain of salt.

How future physicians can advocate for patients and improve public health | Admissions doctor at the Faculty of Medicine

Becoming a doctor requires not only a solid foundation in science, but also a commitment to patient advocacy and improvement public health. Advocacy in the medical profession involves ensuring that patients’ needs—medical and otherwise—are met and that broader public health issues are addressed.

Health care advocacy includes supporting and promoting patients’ rights and well-being, ensuring equal access to care and solutions social determinants of health in your patients and in the wider population. Advocacy can help improve patient outcomes, lead to greater health equity, and accelerate more effective public health interventions.

Legal work of Dr. Uncovering the Flint water crisis, Mony Hanna-Attisha highlights how physicians can shed light on critical public health issues, spur policy change, and accelerate improvements in health outcomes for communities.

How to develop advocacy skills as a premed

Starting early can allow pre-service students to build a strong foundation in advocacy in health care settings by beginning to understand health care systems and patient needs. Critical thinking, empathy, communication, and leadership are key skills for effective advocacy, and each can be developed as a premed student.

Long-term involvement in a range of organizations, including debating clubs, volunteer organizations and advocacy groups, can help award-winning students develop these skills while gaining valuable leadership experience.

Ways to get involved in advocacy as a Premed

Finding income opportunities to contribute to can be challenging defense as a premed student, but if you look hard enough, you’ll undoubtedly find worthwhile ways to spend your time.

Volunteering at a free clinic or health fair can help you begin to understand the health needs of your local community, as well as the barriers to accessing health care. Getting involved in campaigns such as vaccination campaigns, anti-smoking initiatives or blood pressure monitoring programs allows students to make a meaningful contribution to public health efforts and raise awareness of important health problems.

Groups such as the American Medical Student Association and the American Physician Scientists Association offer opportunities to engage in advocacy projects and network with like-minded peers, and are open to undergraduate students. Attending town hall meetings or following health policy updates can also help students understand the legislative process and the impact of local or national policies on patient care and is a good habit to get involved in, which will be valuable during and after. medical faculty.

Network with doctors

Doctors have the expertise and credibility to influence health policy decisions and ensure they are based on sound medical evidence, and as such can make a significant contribution to public health.

There are many examples, including Dr. Leany Wen, former Baltimore City Health Commissioner, who introduced important principles for the solution the opioid crisis and is an example of how physicians can lead public health initiatives.

You can find local examples in any city in America, and connecting with these individuals will give you an understanding of the unique advocacy landscape in your community and help you identify areas in which you can contribute.

Influencing public health policy

Programs such as Health Policy Fellowships for Medical Students provide formal training in policy advocacy and legislative processes, but pre-med students can also make their own contributions to public health policy.

Meeting with legislators or participating in public health forums can give students a voice in health policy discussions and help educate them on the most important issues of the day. By using social media sharing information about public health issues can mobilize support and influence public opinion.

If you have the time, volunteering with organizations like the Red Cross or your local health department can allow you to make perhaps the most significant contribution to public health efforts and gain hands-on experience. Devoting significant, long-term time to these organizations will provide invaluable experience for a career as a health care advocate, experience that will be beneficial at every stage medical training and for.

Incorporating advocacy into your medical school application

High school admissions committees will be looking for evidence that you’re not just going to join the medical profession, but to improve it in some way—advancing your chosen field and leaving it better than you found it. Discussion of specific advocacy projects or initiatives demonstrates this trait in practice and demonstrates an important commitment to addressing health disparities and improving patient care.

Talking about advocacy experiences during conversations it demonstrates a proactive approach to health care issues and is something you should emphasize to your interviewers. Letters of recommendation from longitudinal mentors or supervisors involved in advocacy can vouch for your dedication and impact in the field, especially if you’ve spent a lot of time in such organizations.

Advocacy is a vital component of the medical profession and plays a key role in improving patient care and improving public health. Pre-med students can develop important advocacy skills through volunteering, education, and direct involvement in public health initiatives—you don’t have to be a medical student to get started.

By embracing advocacy early in your career, you can strive to make a lasting impact on health policy and patient outcomes, working to ensure healthier and better righteous company.

2024-2025 Top World University Rankings Coming June 25 | Morse code: Inside the college rankings

On Tuesday, June 25, US News will publish the 2024-2025 edition The world’s best universities rankings that focus on academic research and reputation. This ranking allows students to see how universities stack up against global competition. Students can use these rankings to compare universities – including US colleges – globally, regionally and within their country, as well as by field.

The overall ranking of the world’s best universities will include the top 2,250 universities, up from 2,000 last year. The overall ranking includes universities from more than 100 countries, an increase from the last ranking of 95 countries.

US News will once again publish five regional rankings of the best universities in Africa, Asia, Australia/New Zealand, Europe and Latin America. In addition, country-by-country rankings will be published again this year. In this 2024-2025 edition, US News will publish more than 45 country rankings, including these 12 countries with a large number of ranked schools: Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain. , Sweden and the United Kingdom.

In addition, there will be 51 separate subject rankings in fields such as clinical medicine, computer science and engineering, up from 47 last year. The four new subject rankings are:

  • Ecology (250 schools evaluated)
  • Green and Sustainable Science and Technology (250 ranked schools)
  • Environmental Engineering (250 schools rated)
  • Marine and Freshwater Biology (100 rated schools)

US News will continue to publish the 47 subject area rankings included in last year’s edition and listed below. In 21 of these existing subject rankings, more schools will be rated this year. These rankings are marked with an asterisk below.

  1. Agricultural Sciences (400 assessed)*
  2. Artificial Intelligence (200 in rating)*
  3. Arts and Humanities (250 rated)
  4. Biology and Biochemistry (750 in order)*
  5. Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology (250 in order)
  6. Heart and Cardiovascular System (250 rated)
  7. Cell Biology (250 rated)
  8. Chemical Engineering (250 in sequence)
  9. Chemistry (1,500 rated)*
  10. Civil Engineering (250 rated)*
  11. Clinical Medicine (1000 rated)
  12. Computer Science (750 rated)
  13. Condensed Matter Physics (250 rated)
  14. Economics and Business (400 rated)*
  15. Education and Pedagogical Research (100 in order)
  16. Electrical Engineering and Electronics (500 in order)
  17. Endocrinology and Metabolism (250 rated)
  18. Energy and Fuels (400 rated)*
  19. Mechanical Engineering (1,000 rated)
  20. Environment/Ecology (1000 rated)*
  21. Food Science and Technology (250 in order)
  22. Gastroenterology and Hepatology (200 in order)
  23. Geosciences (500 rated)*
  24. Immunology (250 rated)
  25. Infectious diseases (250 evaluated)*
  26. Materials Science (1000 rated)*
  27. Mathematics (500 graded)*
  28. Mechanical Engineering (200 in order)
  29. Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (100 in order)
  30. Microbiology (250 rated)
  31. Molecular Biology and Genetics (400 in sequence)
  32. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (400 evaluated)*
  33. Neuroscience and Behavior (500 rated)*
  34. Oncology (500 rated)*
  35. Optics (250 rated)
  36. Pharmacology and Toxicology (500 evaluated)*
  37. Physical Chemistry (750 in assessment)*
  38. Physics (1000 rated)*
  39. Plant and Animal Science (500 rated)
  40. Polymer Science (200 rated)
  41. Psychiatry/Psychology (500 rated)*
  42. Public, environmental and occupational health (500 rated)*
  43. Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging (250 in order)
  44. Social Sciences and Public Health (750 assessed)*
  45. Space Science (250 rated)
  46. Surgery (250 rated)
  47. Water resources (100 rated)

To create the global rankings, which are based on data and metrics provided by Clarivate, US News uses a methodology that focuses on factors that measure research performance. Indicators for the overall ranking include indicators that measure the university’s global and regional reputation and academic research output using bibliometric indicators such as citations and publications.

For subject-specific rankings, US News uses a separate methodology based on the results of academic research in each subject. These subject ratings do not include academic fields, departments, or specific schools within the university, such as business or medical school. US News uses various bibliometric measures, including publications and citations, as well as indicators of global and regional reputation in each specific subject area.

Members of the media: For access to the World’s Best Universities 2024-2025 materials in advance, please email Education-PR@usnews.com.

Advice for Teachers Applying to Law School | Admission procedure for law

Factors like grades and standardized test scores weigh heavily in law school admissions compared to other graduate programs. It’s not because admissions officers are obsessed with numbers—it’s because they’re looking for candidates who do well in a rigorous academic environment. The study and practice of law rely on academic skills such as reading and writing.

Candidates who are no longer in school can demonstrate these strengths work experience which includes research, analysis and communication. For example, accountant they can show how their work is analytical and detail-oriented, even if it is not directly related to law.

Few jobs focus on academic skills more than teaching. Like lawyers, teachers must understand course materials, communicate strategically, and respond carefully to the needs of their students. Much legal work involves teaching clients what they need to know in order to make informed decisions about their situation. Reaching these clients can be just as difficult as connecting with a disengaged student.

Whether you’re an elementary school teacher or a college professor, here are three tips to highlight your experience Law School application:

  • Look at your resume again.
  • Use your essays to bring your experience to life.
  • Avoid a negative tone.

Look at your resume again

In my experience as a admissions coachI find that teachers and professors tend to give theirs curriculum vitae short font. Applicants who have climbed the corporate ladder tend to be more accustomed to detailing their tasks, responsibilities, and accomplishments. In contrast, academic recruitment is often based more on training and publications.

As a law school applicant, your resume will include an overview of your adult life, augmented and explained by your essays, letters of recommendation and other materials. So think carefully about what a reader outside your field will take away from your CV.

For example, a law school admissions officer is less interested in the specific classes you’ve taught and more interested in what the job entails. Have you created your own lesson plans? Did you take on extra responsibilities outside of the classroom? Has your work received any positive feedback or led to any notable results?

Applicants who have not worked as a full-time teacher may have teaching experience worth highlighting. Don’t overlook tutoring experience, whether paid or voluntary. Working with a student one-on-one takes real time and commitment. The same goes for mentoring a younger colleague at work or coaching a teammate in an extracurricular activities.

Use your essays to bring your experience to life

You certainly don’t have to write your own personal statement or other essays about your work. You can write about other areas of your life in which you have shown yourself courage or durability or other admirable qualities.

That said, if you want to write about your teaching experience, support your argument with specific details and examples. Think about situations that tested your skills, such as a class that felt intimidating to teach or students who were difficult to reach.

While admissions officers work on college campuses and give a lot of presentations to students, they are unlikely to have much direct teaching experience. They may not know the challenges involved, except for how it is portrayed in movies and TV shows. Show them how this experience has shaped your life and career goals.

Avoid a negative tone

Teaching can be a frustrating career, from working in under-resourced schools to dealing with unhelpful administrators and inflexible rules. It is understandable that many teachers and professors feel burned out.

However, an essay written in a negative tone can discourage readers or even create doubts in their minds. If academia has let you down, what happens when you face the reality of legal practice? You will try fall out law school?

You should never sound unrelentingly positive. It’s okay to discuss problems and setbacks. But as you read your suggestions, consider your tone. If you sound tired or angry, think about reframing your experiences in a more balanced light.

Learning to teach others well is a lifelong gift. Don’t be shy about sharing this with admissions officers and tell them thoroughly what your experience means to you.

Announcing the publication of the best medical schools | Morse code: Inside the college rankings

As we continue to evolve our rankings to produce the best data available in a clear and easy-to-understand format for students considering applying to medical school, we are pleased to announce the upcoming publication of the Best Medical Schools of 2024. Based on data from the American Academy of Family of physicians, specialty rankings will be compiled on primary care practice, comparing schools in terms of their diversity of students and producing graduates who practice in rural and medically underserved areas. However, after significant evaluation of the submitted and publicly available data, the new research evaluation will not use any bibliometric data or award transparency credits. as previously reported and will not include evaluation of specialized areas of medical research.

While US News continues to believe that bibliometrics is a strong indicator of how influential medical school faculty have been in medical research, US News has been unable to verify all entities and affiliates where medical school faculty may conduct or conduct medical research. due to the complexity of reporting and legal structures. Therefore, this data could not be used in the calculations of the best medical schools in 2024.

On June 7, emails will be sent to medical schools that submitted a statistical survey to US News in fall 2023 and early 2024, asking the schools to review the data they submitted for the rankings. The emails ask recipients to verify and possibly correct any values ​​in enrollment data, numbers of medical students and faculty, and NIH and federal research funding amounts they reported in the winter. This information will be used to evaluate schools in primary care and research and to create profiles on usnews.com for prospective students.

Beneficiaries will be given the opportunity to update their data between June 7 and June 21. Based on this data, US News ranks schools using a similar methodology to that used in the current 2023-2024 rankings published in 2023, but excluding reputation factors and proportionally weighting the remaining ranking factors. The exception is that admissions factors may be considered a little more and faculty resources a little less in the primary care rankings.

Under US News’ usual policy, medical schools receive an embargoed preview of their rankings before the rankings are published; tentatively scheduled for late July.

In these top hospitals, socioeconomically vulnerable patients will find care | Second opinion

Many of America’s best hospitals are located in and serve communities of relative privilege. People who are not financially well-off, not well-insured, and not white have historically been underserved by the U.S. health care system and are less likely to receive care at these top medical centers. While about 38 percent of all U.S. hospitals are located in neighborhoods that are socially disadvantaged by one measure, those hospitals are less than a quarter more likely to pass the high-profile quality assessment than hospitals located in more advantaged neighborhoods.

Hospitals, sometimes called safety nets, that treat a substantial portion of poor, uninsured or otherwise vulnerable patients “struggle to achieve the same quality metrics” compared to other medical centers, says Dr. Clyde Yancy, chief of cardiology and professor at Northwestern. Feinberg University School of Medicine. “Safety net hospitals are plagued by very challenging patient populations, often due to the maldistribution of social determinants of health,” he says. The challenges these facilities face are “largely dependent on policy, resources and available investment capital. They typically don’t have as much investment capital and don’t make the same margins for the care they provide.”

The problem is twofold: patients with higher social needs may face barriers to accessing health services from certain providers and institutions due to factors such as insurance acceptance, geographic proximity, or lack of transportation. At the same time, hospitals that care for a greater proportion of more vulnerable patients are often under-equipped and face challenges such as lower reimbursement from some insurance companies, which reduces their revenue potential, limiting their ability to provide services to their communities. These hospitals may also be disadvantaged on performance measures that don’t properly account for each patient’s risk factors, experts say.

“A hospital can do everything it can to help patients, but it won’t reverse decades of inadequate care over the course of a patient’s life,” says Dr. Karen Joynt Maddox, a cardiologist, researcher and professor at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis many purchasing programs that reward hospitals with payments for the quality of care they provide do not take social risk into account when evaluating patient outcomes and potentially “penalize hospitals doing the hardest work” in caring for patients with greater social needs.

Yet some hospitals stand out by excelling in quality measures while caring for a range of patients from vulnerable communities. On Parkland Healthand the best hospital in dallas, for example, four out of every 10 patients are on Medicaid, the government insurance program for the poorest Americans. On Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, six out of every 10 patients insured by another government Medicare program are black, exceeding the 28 percent proportion of Atlanta residents covered by Medicare who are black. In Tulsa, Oklahoma, more than a quarter of patients on both St. Francis Hospital and Hillcrest Medical Center they are on Medicaid. Both hospitals serve a large proportion of patients from disadvantaged communities, as well as a significant number of Native American patients. More than a quarter of patients treated for NYC Health and Hospitals-Elmhurst are on Medicaid, and two-thirds of her Medicare patients are non-white.

“Racial and ethnic minorities, as well as low-income patients, are typically segregated in a low percentage of hospitals,” says Dr. Sidra Bonner, a surgeon who has studied hospital-level segregation of Medicare patients. According to surgical research, he adds, “most racial and ethnic minorities are served in 20 percent of hospitals.”

AND recent studies in the American Journal of Surgery found that patients treated at top hospitals had fewer complications and a better chance of survival than similar patients treated elsewhere. In addition, the study authors wrote that “patients living in extreme (persistent poverty) experienced the greatest reductions in the likelihood of mortality and morbidity when they received care at a first-class hospital.” Author Chanza Shaikh and colleagues from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and James Comprehensive Cancer Center concluded: “Improving access to high-quality hospitals for socially disadvantaged patients can help reduce disparities in surgical care.”

Despite treating patients who face social and economic adversity, Parkland, Grady, Hillcrest, Saint Francis and Elmhurst have managed to achieve great results and have previously been recognized as US News Best Regional Hospitals.

We set out to identify multiple hospitals that treat a disproportionate share of patients from three different historically underserved communities: people living in more socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods, Medicaid recipients, and racial and ethnic minorities. We found dozens of such hospitals in 26 states that also provide high quality overall care, ranking them among the best in their region.

The list of institutions below is by no means a definitive list of hospitals involved in providing access to socio-economically vulnerable populations. No doubt there are others that we can identify and recognize in the future. However, these 53 hospitals provide certain vulnerable populations with substantial access to high-quality care—an essential contribution to health equity. That’s why today we recognize them as the best regional hospitals for equitable access by US News & World Report.

A brief description of the criteria appears after this list.

HOSPITAL City State
Providence Alaska Medical Center Berth AND
University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital Birmingham AL
UAMS Medical Center A small rock AR
TMC Healthcare-Tucson Tucson THE
Banner-University Medical Center Phoenix Phoenix THE
Banner-University Medical Center Tucson Tucson THE
Mercy San Juan Medical Center Carmichael ca
Loma Linda University Medical Center Loma Linda ca
Providence St. Mary Medical Center Apple Valley ca
Sharp Chula Vista Medical Center Chula Vista ca
Kaiser Permanente Fontana and Ontario Medical Centers Fountain ca
Adventist Health-White Memorial Angels ca
Kaiser Permanente South Sacramento Medical Center Sacramento ca
UCHealth Memorial Hospital Colorado Springs WHAT
Hospital and Medical Center St. Francis Hartford CT
Yale-New Haven Hospital New heaven CT
UF Health Jacksonville Jacksonville FL
Grady Memorial Hospital Atlanta GA
Advocate Trinity Hospital Chicago IL
Carle Foundation Hospital Urban IL
Ochsner Lafayette General Medical Center Lafayette THE
UMass Memorial Medical Center Worcester MA
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center Baltimore MD
Hospital of the Assumption of St. Agnes Baltimore MD
MedStar Southern Maryland Hospital Center Clinton MD
Corewell Health Hospital in Dearborn Dearborn ME
Henry Ford Hospital Detroit ME
St. John’s Assumption Hospital Detroit ME
Christian Hospital St. Louis MO
Barnes-Jewish Hospital St. Louis MO
Mercy Hospital Springfield Springfield MO
Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital Greensboro NC
Cape Fear Valley Medical Center Fayetteville NC
UNC Hospital Chapel Hill NC
ECU Health Medical Center Greenville NC
Altru Health System-Grand Forks Grand Forks N.D
Sanford Medical Center Bismarck Bismarck N.D
Cooper University Health Care-Camden Camden NJ
Jefferson Health-Stratford, Cherry Hill and Washington Township Stratford NJ
NYC Health and Hospitals-Elmhurst Elmhurst NY
Hillcrest Medical Center Tulsa OK
Hospital of St. Francis-Tulsa Tulsa OK
Asante Rogue Regional Health Center Medford OR
Salem Hospital Salem OR
UPMC Presbyterian Shadyside Pittsburgh BYE
Geisinger Wyoming Valley Medical Center Wilkes Barre BYE
McLeod Regional Medical Center Florence SC
Grand Strand Regional Health Center Myrtle Beach SC
Lexington Medical Center Western Colombia SC
Memphis Methodist Hospital Memphis TN
Parkland Health-Dallas dallas TX
JPS Health Network – Fort Worth strength value TX
Inova Fairfax Hospital Falls Church VA

The hospitals recognized here previously met the criteria for inclusion in 2023-2024 The best regional hospitals. They also met at least two of the following three criteria:

  • At least 40% of Medicare inpatient visits involved patients living in more socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods. Socio-economic deprivation of neighborhoods was assessed using area deprivation index data obtained from Neighborhood Atlas. Both national percentiles, which compare neighborhoods to others in the country, and state deciles, which compare neighborhoods only to others within the same state, were considered. A neighborhood with national ADI values ​​above 70 (on a scale where 100 indicates the greatest deprivation) or state ADI values ​​above 7 (on a scale of 1 to 10) was classified as more socio-economically deprived for this analysis. A hospital could meet this criterion if at least 40% of its Medicare patients lived in disadvantaged neighborhoods, according to the state or national ADI.
  • A substantial Medicaid population. A hospital met this requirement if at least 20% of its patients were insured by Medicaid or if it achieved the highest category (“Higher than other hospitals”) for the US News Health Equity measure “Representation of Low-Income Patients.”
  • A patient population that reflects the racial and ethnic diversity of the surrounding community. A hospital met this requirement if at least 20% of its Medicare inpatients receiving elective care were racial or ethnic minorities, or if it treated a non-trivial Medicare population from one or more of the five racial/ethnic minorities and achieved the highest category (“” Comparable to or higher than the community”) for the corresponding measure of race/ethnicity that US News publishes as part of its Health Equity measures.

Tips for Choosing an Online JD Program | Admission procedure for law

A small but growing number Faculty of Law now offer law students the opportunity to earn a JD partially or entirely online, which has undoubtedly made a legal education more accessible to many students.

The American Bar Association, the professional organization that sets standards for legal education, allowed one-third of required law school credits to be taught online for the first time in 2018. Three years later, the organization opened the doors to fully online JD programs as the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated trends toward online education.

ABA maintains a list of schools with partially or fully online JD programs. These programs vary in their rules, requirements, and student populations they serve.

Low-residency, hybrid, and online programs

Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Law Programs

Many law students may balk at the thought of paying full tuition for online law school courses. Some worry that law schools see online education as a cash cow that allows them to admit more students at a lower cost. Law schools insist that online law programs are flexible options rather than a substitute for in-person programs, but that may change over time.

On the other hand, some law students are attracted to the advantage of taking classes from home. Senior law students they may especially appreciate the flexibility of online courses. Online options may also appeal students with disabilities as well as those who live far from the law school.

As the list of partially and fully online JD programs continues to grow, applicants interested in an online law program should consider the following advice.

Know that reputation still matters

Since the job market value of an online law degree is still untested, participants may want to stick with better-known and respected programs with strong alumni networks.

For example, there are benefits to attending law school in the state where you plan to practice which may not be credited to distance learners who are unable to participate in on-campus opportunities.

Note Focus areas

Make sure you choose a program that matches your career interests.

Consider Non-JD options

Applicants who already have a JD or foreign equivalent may consider instead LL.M., which is a master’s degree in law. Many schools offer a fully online one-year LL.M. programs focused on legal specialties such as tax or international law.

Another option to consider is online master’s degree in legal studies, which usually takes one year as well. This program does not meet the legal education requirements to sit Bar examalthough several states offer other paths to legal practice.

Prefer practical experience

The aspect of law education that graduates value most is perhaps the practical experience gained by working in small groups, legal clinics and volunteer activities on campus.

Without real-life interaction, it can be hard for online students to get that taste of life as a lawyer. Before applying to an online program, make sure it will offer some degree of experiential learning opportunities.

While the benefits of in-person courses cannot be fully replicated online, broadening your study options can help serve law school applicants with diverse needs and interests. However, applicants should carefully consider such programs to ensure that they are worth the investment time and money.