What are the different types of engineering? | Education

Engineering continues to thrive university majoras the number of engineering graduates has increased. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, nearly 140,000 new engineering jobs are expected to be created between 2016 and 2026.

With so many different species engineering workit can be challenging for prospective students and early-career undergraduates to decide which career path to pursue.

Engineers serve in a variety of roles, from creating, improving, and maintaining massive structures like highways and bridges to designing smaller items like laptops, smartphones, and athletic sneakers. Aeronautical Engineers design and test technologies used in spacecraft, aircraft and satellites biomedical engineers to help create medicine and technology to improve human health.

While faculty members in engineering programs say that aerospace and biomedical engineering majors are increasingly popular, those majors are not as common in the U.S. as some other majors.

Four of the most common engineering majors offered at most American engineering schools are:

  • Civil engineering
  • Electrotechnics
  • Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering

Civil engineering

Civil engineers work on civil infrastructure projects that significantly affect the quality of life in various communities. These projects include highways, bridges, skyscrapers and sewage treatment plants.

Civil engineers often interact with architects, contractors, and government officials to complete projects. People drawn to civil engineering typically want to make a huge impact on society, says Zachary Grasley, head of civil and environmental engineering at the company Texas A&M University.

“We’re creating things that put the public at potential risk,” Grasley says. “If a bridge collapses, people die. If a building collapses, people die.”

Unlike some other engineering fields, most civil engineers are expected to hold professional licenses and continue their education. Having good character and not cutting corners are important qualities for civil engineers.

In addition, civil engineering is a great option for those interested in becoming businessmen, experts say. Several Texas A&M graduates have started consulting or construction firms, Grasley says.

“It’s hard to develop a car company that runs like a mum when there are thousands of engineering firms across the country,” he says.

The median annual salary for civil engineers in the US was $95,890 in 2023, according to the BLS.

Grasley said that while the starting salaries for civil engineering positions are not as high as for computer science majors, civil engineering offers plenty of opportunities for growth and increased compensation starting at the mid-career level.


Electrical engineers design and test electrical equipment and systems used in machines, ships, automobile engines, cell phones, and cameras.

Students interested in electrical engineering should consider the type of problems they are interested in solving, says Maria Yang, associate dean of engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Technical school.

“Would you be attracted to developing control strategies that keep the power grid running safely, signal processing algorithms that process audio, coding strategies to send data wirelessly faster and more reliably?” Yang wrote in a text message.

Students who want to work with microelectronics — such as the Fitbit-type sensors that track movement and the Apple Watch’s heart rate sensor — should consider majoring in electrical engineering.

The median annual salary for electrical engineers in the US was $109,010 in 2023, according to the BLS.


Mechanical engineers design and build the mechanical aspects of various devices, from seat belts in cars to cooling devices in video game consoles.

“Many of the electrical components in a cell phone are designed by electrical engineers,” says Samuel Graham, dean A. James Clark School of Engineering at the University of Maryland. “But the tools to make that phone are often designed or built by mechanical engineers.”

In addition to designing and building machinery, mechanical engineers are also responsible for testing. If equipment fails, the mechanical engineer is responsible for identifying the source of the problem and helping to resolve it.

Mechanical engineers can work in production and manufacturing at a wide variety of companies, including gasoline companies like Exxon and Shell, aerospace companies like Boeing, and fashion brands like Nike that incorporate technology into products.

The median annual salary for mechanical engineers in the US was $99,510 in 2023, according to the BLS.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineers are key players in the production of items such as medicines, fuels, detergents and paper. In addition to working with pharmaceutical and gasoline companies, chemical engineers work to create consumer products from potato chips to lipstick.

“Chemical engineers generally had a very good high school chemistry experience,” says David Tomasko, associate dean for academic programs and student services at Ohio State University. College of Engineering. “They generally appreciate chemical reactions and the world of molecules.”

The median annual salary for chemical engineers in the US in 2023 was $112,100, according to BLS data.

How to choose an engineer

When choosing an engineering major, Tomasko advises students to think about the field they want to major in and then choose the major that will get them there. For example, NASA hires not only aeronautical engineers but also chemical and mechanical engineers.

If one major is full, Tomasko says, choose another.

“There is no single company that hires only one type of engineer,” he says. “All the different engineering disciplines really work together in teams.”

Consider a graduate engineering degree

Earnings a graduate degree in engineering makes it easier for students to delve into their specific area of ​​interest, Graham says. Unlike undergraduate engineering students, graduate students take several classes each semester and then spend a lot of time doing research.

“I think graduate school is a wonderful way to hone your skills or really deepen your understanding of how to impact society from engineering,” says Graham.

Taking advantage of research opportunities and spending time with graduate students in labs will help undergraduates decide whether graduate school is right for them, Graham adds.

How to choose a law school with great faculty | Admission procedure for law

America’s law schools present themselves as majestic and glorious institutions, but they compete in a weak market for funding, faculty, students and their teaching. Unsustainable schools are closing and new schools OPEN.

This competition led to innovations such as online programsalong with incentives to reduce turns. Sadly, the quality of teaching can be overshadowed by the pursuit of prestige, publicity and market power.

Thus, law school applicants those looking for a first-class educational experience will need to research carefully when deciding which schools to focus on.

Here are five ways to find a law school that values ​​and rewards professors who are good teachers.

  • See how the Socratic method is used.
  • Evaluate practical and experiential education.
  • Look at the pass rate of school bars.
  • Look for clues to school campus culture.
  • Explore professor biographies.

See how the Socratic method is used

In the essential first year in law school, students typically take a standard set of core courses such as criminal law and property law taught by professors using Socrates’ method.

Professors using the Socratic method cold call individual students from a large lecture class and interrogate them on the facts and findings of assigned cases. Like the Greek philosopher Socrates, an experienced professor cleverly pushes the student toward seemingly straightforward statements with thought-provoking questions that reveal nuance and hidden assumptions.

Many lawyers see this shared experience as the basis for learning to “think like a lawyer”. However, in unskilled hands, the technique can be cumbersome, confusing, or ineffective.

According to visiting By meeting or interviewing current students or recent graduates in person, applicants can learn whether law school professors are using the Socratic method effectively to sharpen students’ minds or defeat them.

Evaluate hands-on and experiential learning

Law school is a professional school, and graduates should acquire the essential legal skills they need to serve their future employers and clients, such as legal research and writing.

To achieve this mission, law schools may require small practical legal practice courses along with experiences such as legal clinicsmoot court a external internships.

Make sure these courses are taught by qualified and experienced lawyers. Don’t worry about it ask admissions officers about how their school ensures that graduates are fully prepared for legal practice.

Check out the school bar course

Unless the school trains its students to pass Bar exam, it is unlikely to be a community that values ​​teaching. Each law school must publicly disclose its bar passage rate in its annual disclosures, and applicants can use that information to find worthwhile schools.

On the other hand, being a lawyer is more than passing the bar exam. Talk to current and former students to ensure that professors help students untangle complex legal issues beyond the basics of “black letter law.”

Look for clues to school campus culture

Law schools differ from each other in their teaching style. Some schools encourage mentoring between professors and students. Some schools have a more collaborative or competitive student culture. Some have fixed grading curves, while others don’t even use an AF grading system.

These cultural factors can create a learning environment in which some students thrive while others feel disengaged or even pressured fall out.

When choosing a law schoolthink about how you will fit into the environment and make sure it is one where you feel comfortable and supported.

Explore professor biographies

Law School website they are a goldmine of information for applicants. Browse the course catalog and faculty directory to find professors with the background and expertise to serve as a potential mentor. Reading professors’ biographies and examining their scholarship can reveal clues about how they approach teaching.

For example, adjunct faculty can bring first-hand experience and new perspectives to the classroom. But if you have a specific legal interest, it can be risky to attend a law school that doesn’t have a full-time professor in the field.

While all of this research is important, remember that teaching can be highly subjective. When I was in law school, I heard adamant recommendations that I should take classes taught by certain professors I didn’t associate with, while I found some of the less popular classes fascinating.

While others’ opinions about professors can be valuable, take them with a grain of salt.

How future physicians can advocate for patients and improve public health | Admissions doctor at the Faculty of Medicine

Becoming a doctor requires not only a solid foundation in science, but also a commitment to patient advocacy and improvement public health. Advocacy in the medical profession involves ensuring that patients’ needs—medical and otherwise—are met and that broader public health issues are addressed.

Health care advocacy includes supporting and promoting patients’ rights and well-being, ensuring equal access to care and solutions social determinants of health in your patients and in the wider population. Advocacy can help improve patient outcomes, lead to greater health equity, and accelerate more effective public health interventions.

Legal work of Dr. Uncovering the Flint water crisis, Mony Hanna-Attisha highlights how physicians can shed light on critical public health issues, spur policy change, and accelerate improvements in health outcomes for communities.

How to develop advocacy skills as a premed

Starting early can allow pre-service students to build a strong foundation in advocacy in health care settings by beginning to understand health care systems and patient needs. Critical thinking, empathy, communication, and leadership are key skills for effective advocacy, and each can be developed as a premed student.

Long-term involvement in a range of organizations, including debating clubs, volunteer organizations and advocacy groups, can help award-winning students develop these skills while gaining valuable leadership experience.

Ways to get involved in advocacy as a Premed

Finding income opportunities to contribute to can be challenging defense as a premed student, but if you look hard enough, you’ll undoubtedly find worthwhile ways to spend your time.

Volunteering at a free clinic or health fair can help you begin to understand the health needs of your local community, as well as the barriers to accessing health care. Getting involved in campaigns such as vaccination campaigns, anti-smoking initiatives or blood pressure monitoring programs allows students to make a meaningful contribution to public health efforts and raise awareness of important health problems.

Groups such as the American Medical Student Association and the American Physician Scientists Association offer opportunities to engage in advocacy projects and network with like-minded peers, and are open to undergraduate students. Attending town hall meetings or following health policy updates can also help students understand the legislative process and the impact of local or national policies on patient care and is a good habit to get involved in, which will be valuable during and after. medical faculty.

Network with doctors

Doctors have the expertise and credibility to influence health policy decisions and ensure they are based on sound medical evidence, and as such can make a significant contribution to public health.

There are many examples, including Dr. Leany Wen, former Baltimore City Health Commissioner, who introduced important principles for the solution the opioid crisis and is an example of how physicians can lead public health initiatives.

You can find local examples in any city in America, and connecting with these individuals will give you an understanding of the unique advocacy landscape in your community and help you identify areas in which you can contribute.

Influencing public health policy

Programs such as Health Policy Fellowships for Medical Students provide formal training in policy advocacy and legislative processes, but pre-med students can also make their own contributions to public health policy.

Meeting with legislators or participating in public health forums can give students a voice in health policy discussions and help educate them on the most important issues of the day. By using social media sharing information about public health issues can mobilize support and influence public opinion.

If you have the time, volunteering with organizations like the Red Cross or your local health department can allow you to make perhaps the most significant contribution to public health efforts and gain hands-on experience. Devoting significant, long-term time to these organizations will provide invaluable experience for a career as a health care advocate, experience that will be beneficial at every stage medical training and for.

Incorporating advocacy into your medical school application

High school admissions committees will be looking for evidence that you’re not just going to join the medical profession, but to improve it in some way—advancing your chosen field and leaving it better than you found it. Discussion of specific advocacy projects or initiatives demonstrates this trait in practice and demonstrates an important commitment to addressing health disparities and improving patient care.

Talking about advocacy experiences during conversations it demonstrates a proactive approach to health care issues and is something you should emphasize to your interviewers. Letters of recommendation from longitudinal mentors or supervisors involved in advocacy can vouch for your dedication and impact in the field, especially if you’ve spent a lot of time in such organizations.

Advocacy is a vital component of the medical profession and plays a key role in improving patient care and improving public health. Pre-med students can develop important advocacy skills through volunteering, education, and direct involvement in public health initiatives—you don’t have to be a medical student to get started.

By embracing advocacy early in your career, you can strive to make a lasting impact on health policy and patient outcomes, working to ensure healthier and better righteous company.

2024-2025 Top World University Rankings Coming June 25 | Morse code: Inside the college rankings

On Tuesday, June 25, US News will publish the 2024-2025 edition The world’s best universities rankings that focus on academic research and reputation. This ranking allows students to see how universities stack up against global competition. Students can use these rankings to compare universities – including US colleges – globally, regionally and within their country, as well as by field.

The overall ranking of the world’s best universities will include the top 2,250 universities, up from 2,000 last year. The overall ranking includes universities from more than 100 countries, an increase from the last ranking of 95 countries.

US News will once again publish five regional rankings of the best universities in Africa, Asia, Australia/New Zealand, Europe and Latin America. In addition, country-by-country rankings will be published again this year. In this 2024-2025 edition, US News will publish more than 45 country rankings, including these 12 countries with a large number of ranked schools: Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain. , Sweden and the United Kingdom.

In addition, there will be 51 separate subject rankings in fields such as clinical medicine, computer science and engineering, up from 47 last year. The four new subject rankings are:

  • Ecology (250 schools evaluated)
  • Green and Sustainable Science and Technology (250 ranked schools)
  • Environmental Engineering (250 schools rated)
  • Marine and Freshwater Biology (100 rated schools)

US News will continue to publish the 47 subject area rankings included in last year’s edition and listed below. In 21 of these existing subject rankings, more schools will be rated this year. These rankings are marked with an asterisk below.

  1. Agricultural Sciences (400 assessed)*
  2. Artificial Intelligence (200 in rating)*
  3. Arts and Humanities (250 rated)
  4. Biology and Biochemistry (750 in order)*
  5. Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology (250 in order)
  6. Heart and Cardiovascular System (250 rated)
  7. Cell Biology (250 rated)
  8. Chemical Engineering (250 in sequence)
  9. Chemistry (1,500 rated)*
  10. Civil Engineering (250 rated)*
  11. Clinical Medicine (1000 rated)
  12. Computer Science (750 rated)
  13. Condensed Matter Physics (250 rated)
  14. Economics and Business (400 rated)*
  15. Education and Pedagogical Research (100 in order)
  16. Electrical Engineering and Electronics (500 in order)
  17. Endocrinology and Metabolism (250 rated)
  18. Energy and Fuels (400 rated)*
  19. Mechanical Engineering (1,000 rated)
  20. Environment/Ecology (1000 rated)*
  21. Food Science and Technology (250 in order)
  22. Gastroenterology and Hepatology (200 in order)
  23. Geosciences (500 rated)*
  24. Immunology (250 rated)
  25. Infectious diseases (250 evaluated)*
  26. Materials Science (1000 rated)*
  27. Mathematics (500 graded)*
  28. Mechanical Engineering (200 in order)
  29. Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (100 in order)
  30. Microbiology (250 rated)
  31. Molecular Biology and Genetics (400 in sequence)
  32. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (400 evaluated)*
  33. Neuroscience and Behavior (500 rated)*
  34. Oncology (500 rated)*
  35. Optics (250 rated)
  36. Pharmacology and Toxicology (500 evaluated)*
  37. Physical Chemistry (750 in assessment)*
  38. Physics (1000 rated)*
  39. Plant and Animal Science (500 rated)
  40. Polymer Science (200 rated)
  41. Psychiatry/Psychology (500 rated)*
  42. Public, environmental and occupational health (500 rated)*
  43. Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging (250 in order)
  44. Social Sciences and Public Health (750 assessed)*
  45. Space Science (250 rated)
  46. Surgery (250 rated)
  47. Water resources (100 rated)

To create the global rankings, which are based on data and metrics provided by Clarivate, US News uses a methodology that focuses on factors that measure research performance. Indicators for the overall ranking include indicators that measure the university’s global and regional reputation and academic research output using bibliometric indicators such as citations and publications.

For subject-specific rankings, US News uses a separate methodology based on the results of academic research in each subject. These subject ratings do not include academic fields, departments, or specific schools within the university, such as business or medical school. US News uses various bibliometric measures, including publications and citations, as well as indicators of global and regional reputation in each specific subject area.

Members of the media: For access to the World’s Best Universities 2024-2025 materials in advance, please email Education-PR@usnews.com.

Advice for Teachers Applying to Law School | Admission procedure for law

Factors like grades and standardized test scores weigh heavily in law school admissions compared to other graduate programs. It’s not because admissions officers are obsessed with numbers—it’s because they’re looking for candidates who do well in a rigorous academic environment. The study and practice of law rely on academic skills such as reading and writing.

Candidates who are no longer in school can demonstrate these strengths work experience which includes research, analysis and communication. For example, accountant they can show how their work is analytical and detail-oriented, even if it is not directly related to law.

Few jobs focus on academic skills more than teaching. Like lawyers, teachers must understand course materials, communicate strategically, and respond carefully to the needs of their students. Much legal work involves teaching clients what they need to know in order to make informed decisions about their situation. Reaching these clients can be just as difficult as connecting with a disengaged student.

Whether you’re an elementary school teacher or a college professor, here are three tips to highlight your experience Law School application:

  • Look at your resume again.
  • Use your essays to bring your experience to life.
  • Avoid a negative tone.

Look at your resume again

In my experience as a admissions coachI find that teachers and professors tend to give theirs curriculum vitae short font. Applicants who have climbed the corporate ladder tend to be more accustomed to detailing their tasks, responsibilities, and accomplishments. In contrast, academic recruitment is often based more on training and publications.

As a law school applicant, your resume will include an overview of your adult life, augmented and explained by your essays, letters of recommendation and other materials. So think carefully about what a reader outside your field will take away from your CV.

For example, a law school admissions officer is less interested in the specific classes you’ve taught and more interested in what the job entails. Have you created your own lesson plans? Did you take on extra responsibilities outside of the classroom? Has your work received any positive feedback or led to any notable results?

Applicants who have not worked as a full-time teacher may have teaching experience worth highlighting. Don’t overlook tutoring experience, whether paid or voluntary. Working with a student one-on-one takes real time and commitment. The same goes for mentoring a younger colleague at work or coaching a teammate in an extracurricular activities.

Use your essays to bring your experience to life

You certainly don’t have to write your own personal statement or other essays about your work. You can write about other areas of your life in which you have shown yourself courage or durability or other admirable qualities.

That said, if you want to write about your teaching experience, support your argument with specific details and examples. Think about situations that tested your skills, such as a class that felt intimidating to teach or students who were difficult to reach.

While admissions officers work on college campuses and give a lot of presentations to students, they are unlikely to have much direct teaching experience. They may not know the challenges involved, except for how it is portrayed in movies and TV shows. Show them how this experience has shaped your life and career goals.

Avoid a negative tone

Teaching can be a frustrating career, from working in under-resourced schools to dealing with unhelpful administrators and inflexible rules. It is understandable that many teachers and professors feel burned out.

However, an essay written in a negative tone can discourage readers or even create doubts in their minds. If academia has let you down, what happens when you face the reality of legal practice? You will try fall out law school?

You should never sound unrelentingly positive. It’s okay to discuss problems and setbacks. But as you read your suggestions, consider your tone. If you sound tired or angry, think about reframing your experiences in a more balanced light.

Learning to teach others well is a lifelong gift. Don’t be shy about sharing this with admissions officers and tell them thoroughly what your experience means to you.

Announcing the publication of the best medical schools | Morse code: Inside the college rankings

As we continue to evolve our rankings to produce the best data available in a clear and easy-to-understand format for students considering applying to medical school, we are pleased to announce the upcoming publication of the Best Medical Schools of 2024. Based on data from the American Academy of Family of physicians, specialty rankings will be compiled on primary care practice, comparing schools in terms of their diversity of students and producing graduates who practice in rural and medically underserved areas. However, after significant evaluation of the submitted and publicly available data, the new research evaluation will not use any bibliometric data or award transparency credits. as previously reported and will not include evaluation of specialized areas of medical research.

While US News continues to believe that bibliometrics is a strong indicator of how influential medical school faculty have been in medical research, US News has been unable to verify all entities and affiliates where medical school faculty may conduct or conduct medical research. due to the complexity of reporting and legal structures. Therefore, this data could not be used in the calculations of the best medical schools in 2024.

On June 7, emails will be sent to medical schools that submitted a statistical survey to US News in fall 2023 and early 2024, asking the schools to review the data they submitted for the rankings. The emails ask recipients to verify and possibly correct any values ​​in enrollment data, numbers of medical students and faculty, and NIH and federal research funding amounts they reported in the winter. This information will be used to evaluate schools in primary care and research and to create profiles on usnews.com for prospective students.

Beneficiaries will be given the opportunity to update their data between June 7 and June 21. Based on this data, US News ranks schools using a similar methodology to that used in the current 2023-2024 rankings published in 2023, but excluding reputation factors and proportionally weighting the remaining ranking factors. The exception is that admissions factors may be considered a little more and faculty resources a little less in the primary care rankings.

Under US News’ usual policy, medical schools receive an embargoed preview of their rankings before the rankings are published; tentatively scheduled for late July.

Tips for Choosing an Online JD Program | Admission procedure for law

A small but growing number Faculty of Law now offer law students the opportunity to earn a JD partially or entirely online, which has undoubtedly made a legal education more accessible to many students.

The American Bar Association, the professional organization that sets standards for legal education, allowed one-third of required law school credits to be taught online for the first time in 2018. Three years later, the organization opened the doors to fully online JD programs as the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated trends toward online education.

ABA maintains a list of schools with partially or fully online JD programs. These programs vary in their rules, requirements, and student populations they serve.

Low-residency, hybrid, and online programs

Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Law Programs

Many law students may balk at the thought of paying full tuition for online law school courses. Some worry that law schools see online education as a cash cow that allows them to admit more students at a lower cost. Law schools insist that online law programs are flexible options rather than a substitute for in-person programs, but that may change over time.

On the other hand, some law students are attracted to the advantage of taking classes from home. Senior law students they may especially appreciate the flexibility of online courses. Online options may also appeal students with disabilities as well as those who live far from the law school.

As the list of partially and fully online JD programs continues to grow, applicants interested in an online law program should consider the following advice.

Know that reputation still matters

Since the job market value of an online law degree is still untested, participants may want to stick with better-known and respected programs with strong alumni networks.

For example, there are benefits to attending law school in the state where you plan to practice which may not be credited to distance learners who are unable to participate in on-campus opportunities.

Note Focus areas

Make sure you choose a program that matches your career interests.

Consider Non-JD options

Applicants who already have a JD or foreign equivalent may consider instead LL.M., which is a master’s degree in law. Many schools offer a fully online one-year LL.M. programs focused on legal specialties such as tax or international law.

Another option to consider is online master’s degree in legal studies, which usually takes one year as well. This program does not meet the legal education requirements to sit Bar examalthough several states offer other paths to legal practice.

Prefer practical experience

The aspect of law education that graduates value most is perhaps the practical experience gained by working in small groups, legal clinics and volunteer activities on campus.

Without real-life interaction, it can be hard for online students to get that taste of life as a lawyer. Before applying to an online program, make sure it will offer some degree of experiential learning opportunities.

While the benefits of in-person courses cannot be fully replicated online, broadening your study options can help serve law school applicants with diverse needs and interests. However, applicants should carefully consider such programs to ensure that they are worth the investment time and money.

How Women Can Thrive in Business School | Education

Key takeaways:

  • Build a network of support during and after the program.
  • Actively participate in class discussions and extracurricular activities.
  • Maintain a healthy balance between school and personal life.

Business school may seem like a male-dominated field, but more women are entering and thriving MBA programs.

Record of women at 58 leading full-time MBA programs in the U.S., Europe and Canada, rose to a record 42% in fall 2023, a jump from 41% in 2022, 38% in 2018 and 34% in 2013, according to the nonprofit Forte Foundation . aimed at increasing opportunities for female business leaders.

“Women who get accepted to top business schools are usually successful, and that can put a lot of pressure on them when they enroll in an MBA program,” says Alice van Harten, founding partner of Menlo Coaching, a consulting firm where she advises MBA candidates.

She advises women to set clear goals before starting an MBA program and “think about how they want to spend their time and effort and how to accept imperfection.”

Triada Cross, who is pursuing a dual MBA and Master’s degree in Tourism, Hospitality and Event Management at George Washington University School of Business in Washington, DC, says female MBA students have great potential for success, “but entering a historically male-dominated field can be daunting.”

“Find your tribe of supporters and cheerleaders to motivate you when assignments, projects and finals get tough,” says Cross, who also serves as executive vice president of GWU’s Black MBA Association.

Here are a few more ways women can plan for B-school success.

Choose the right business school

Whether you’re looking to change careers or advance in your current field, it’s important to do your research and choose the right program and school, experts say.

To find the right fit, take a look at business schools that have active recruiters from companies you’re interested in, on-campus events and active school alumni, suggests Elissa Sangster, CEO of the Forté Foundation. Students should also look to see if the school aligns with what they want in terms of location, clubs, culture and other factors, he says.

“Do they have a strong percentage of female students plus female teachers and top professors in the areas you need to grow?” says Sangster.

Be active in class

In the classroom, it’s important to raise your hand, speak with authority and actively participate, experts say.

“Women can be successful in business school by actively participating in discussions in and out of the classroom, asking questions and contributing their opinions,” says Shaifali Aggarwal, founder and CEO of Ivy Groupe, an MBA admissions consultancy.

Sangster says it’s important to speak authoritatively in class and remember that “the way to engage the whole class is to share an idea that others can build on.”

Being active in class also means making an effort to talk to professors, including scheduling meetings and chatting during office hours.

“Connect with teachers and mentors and don’t hesitate to ask for advice,” says Senay Agca, director of diversity at GWU’s business school and professor of finance.

Having a close relationship with a professor or mentor can be beneficial after graduating from business school, experts say.

Take leadership roles

By June 2023, women held 10.4% of Fortune 500 executive positions, according to Fortune magazine. Meanwhile, 8% of S&P 500 CEOs are women, and 45% of those women hold an MBA or equivalent degree, Forte reported in 2023.

Taking on leadership roles early can help women lay the groundwork for these types of roles throughout their careers, experts say.

says Aggarwal leadership roles in student organizations may include serving as club president, committee chair, or event organizer. “These experiences provide opportunities to practice leadership skills such as decision-making, delegation and conflict resolution.”

Students should also participate in leadership development programs or workshops sponsored by their business school or outside organizations, Aggarwal says.

“These programs often provide training in areas such as team building, communication and strategic planning—a solid foundation for success in business school,” he says.

Build your network

Students can build their network by engaging with fellow students and alumni through student organizations, study groups and networking events, Aggarwal says.

“Women in business school can make connections with people who can offer support, encouragement and valuable insights as they navigate business school,” she says, adding that female MBA students should seek access to mentorship, career guidance and networking opportunities.

“Many women,” says van Harten, “start to think about how they can combine a successful career with a family at this point in their lives, so it can be valuable to learn from other female leaders how they have combined a demanding career with children.”

Sangster says it’s important to build your network in business school. “These are the relationships that will help you get the first place job after MBA and other roles throughout your career. Find female leaders you might want to model for your own career path.”

Balance school and life

In business school, it is important to find the right balance between school and life outside of school.

“Women should prioritize activities and commitments that bring them joy, fulfillment and balance outside of their academic and professional responsibilities,” says Aggarwal.

He says students should remember that “their well-being is paramount to their long-term success and happiness” personally, academically and professionally.

“Be resilient,” says Agca. Have a growth mindset, be less risk averse, believe in yourself, enjoy school life.”

And don’t forget to have fun and make friends along the way, says Cross.

“Challenge yourself to maintain a balance between social life and studies, as business school is often a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, diverse group of people.”

How to Evaluate Law School Internships, Study Abroad and Study Abroad | Admission procedure for law

If you choose proper law school Hopefully, you’ll get involved on a campus where you’ll feel at home as you meet peers, professors, classes, and activities that match your interests.

That said, once you get over the hard part first year JD program and realize that you still have two years ahead of you, you may find that you are more than ready for a change of scenery.

If first summer at law school doesn’t scratch that itch, consider spending some time off campus through an internship, study abroad, or degree program.

More law schools than ever offer such opportunities, from externships at a local law firm to a semester abroad dealing with international and comparative law.

Whether you are an applicant looking for a law school that offers such opportunities or a current student considering these options, here are four questions to consider when evaluating off-campus programs:

  • Is the program well established?
  • Is academic credit available?
  • Are there any off-campus opportunities unavailable?
  • How will the program support your career goals?

Is the program well established?

Some off-campus opportunities are deeply integrated into law school curricula. For example, Northeastern University Faculty of Law in Massachusetts requires second- and third-year students to practice law off campus through a unique “co-op” program. Washburn University School of Law in Kansas offers the Third Year Anywhere program, through which students can work under the supervision of an attorney anywhere in the world while taking Washburn Law courses online.

However, not all off-campus opportunities benefit from strong institutional support. Some may be new and experimental; others may exist more on paper than in reality. Staff turnover, changes in funding, or university travel policies may prevent participation.

Do not assume that every program listed on a school website he is active. If in doubt, ask admissions officers or current students about such programs and how you might be able to participate.

Is academic credit available?

Earning off-campus school credit should be the hallmark of a strong internship or study opportunity. After all, it would be a shame to fall out of the way to graduate just because of a life-changing externship experience.

Unfortunately, law students sometimes complain about administrative hurdles that make it difficult to get credit outside of school. While the American Bar Association has relaxed these requirements in recent years, universities and state bar associations may set stricter rules.

Before joining, make sure you understand the rules regarding such programs so you can earn credit and graduate on time with your peers.

Are there any off-campus opportunities unavailable?

Before you venture too far from campus, make sure you know what you’re missing out on besides your friends back home.

If a certain class or legal clinic is critical to your goals, consider completing it on campus before taking time off. You never know if it will become unavailable in the future, for example due to the retirement of a supervising professor.

How will the program support your career goals?

It can be tempting to choose an off-campus program in an exciting place you’ve always wanted to visit. But treating this opportunity like a vacation can mean you miss out on more worldly opportunities that can help you in your job search after graduation.

If, for example, you could not choose a law school or location where you hope to work, consider using off-campus opportunities to build connections within legal market.

That’s one reason dozens of law schools offer students the opportunity to spend a semester engaging in federal law and policy in Washington, D.C. The nation’s capital is a key legal labor hub that attracts graduates law schools across the country.

If you are interested in working internationally, the chance to spend a semester in Rome or Hong Kong can be invaluable. But if you’re just doing it for the warm weather and delicious food, consider the trade-offs.

Top Engineering Schools to be Posted on June 18 | Morse code: Inside the college rankings

On June 18, 2024, US News will release its 2024 Best Engineering Schools rankings, including an overall ranking of nearly 200 PhD-granting engineering schools. Rankings across 13 majors, such as chemical engineering and mechanical engineering, will also be published.

In line with last year’s revamped methodology, half of each school’s ranking is based on research activity, while the remaining combined factors make up the other half. US News favors this approach because research productivity is a core attribute of a department that accepts PhD students.

The increased research focus is consistent with diversifying the core metrics used to measure engineering research so that each school’s ranking is not overly dependent on a single measure.

To be clear, total dollar amounts of external research expenditures at technical schools are a reliable indicator of research activity. These metrics also reflect the American Society for Engineering Education standardized definitionwhich includes only activity tied to grants and contracts budgeted for research from appropriate external sources, including federal, state, local, and foreign governments, industry, nonprofit organizations, and individuals.

However, total expenditure is not the only factor to consider when evaluating a school’s research activity. One limitation is that while these aggregates indicate the quantity of research an engineering school is doing, they tell less about the quality and impact of that research.

Bibliometric data helps quality. How often a publication is cited in other research, especially in top journals, shows whether the publication has made a positive impression in schools. As a result, US News reduced by 10 percentage points the weight placed on research grant indicators and replaced them with the following four new bibliometric evaluation factors: citations per publication, field-weighted citation impact, and shares of publications cited in the top 5% and top 25% of the most cited journals.

The number of citations per publication is the total number of citations divided by the total number of publications for each engineering school. Field-weighted citation impact is the citation impact per article, normalized for each engineering discipline to account for the fact that some disciplines are more likely to be cited than others. The remaining two factors account for the range of publications that appear in top journals.

The data reflects a time span of five calendar years, 2019-2023, and was calculated and compiled by Elsevier, a global leader in information and analytics.

Note that all statistics are scaled, meaning they measure the impact of research produced rather than quantity. This was done on purpose for several reasons. First, it was in response to a 2023 ASEE survey of its members, many of whom argued that the rating formula was heavily weighted in rewarding schools for their size. Second, it meant that logical issues regarding the publications that Elsevier attributed to each engineering school did not play a role in how each school performed.

US News and Elsevier went to great lengths to compile bibliometric statistics for each school based on comprehensive records that followed a standardized approach. Data were derived from how publication authors identified their school, research centers, and laboratories. Specifically, Elsevier used advanced clustering technology to map affiliate text from five peer-reviewed document types—articles, conference papers, reviews, books, and book chapters—to organizational identifiers.

In early May 2024, engineering schools received a full list of affiliates and their name variants that Elsevier mapped to their schools. Schools could offer other name variations that they felt were missing.

This approach was undoubtedly subject to the limitations of how faculty identified their affiliation with the school in publications. However, the requirement to explicitly identify the school best ensured that only relevant publications would be used in the ranking. Other approaches fail this test.

For example, mapping publications using faculty names instead of school attribution, as some schools suggested, would result in the inclusion of publications not associated with the corresponding engineering school, in part because faculty may have changed institutions during the five-year period. Relying on the 199 schools to self-report comparable information about eligible faculty would also undermine the benefit of using third-party data.

Finally, this is a ranking of engineering schools, not individuals working in engineering departments. This is why it is important to focus on technical school affiliations. But to confirm that the list of publications used in the ranking was subject to a methodical approach, US News will not publish the total number of publications of the schools on its website.

The goal of the rankings is to help prospective graduate students better understand their options for improving their skills, specializing in areas of interest, and obtaining leadership opportunities that lead to higher salaries. More sophisticated rankings better inform these choices. The latest revisions to the 2024 Best Engineering Schools ranking methodology help provide a more complete assessment of schools’ research activity by supplementing research grant statistics with data on the impact of that spending.